The Jupiter opposition in June 2019
Spezielle Projekte

On 10 June 2019 Jupiter was in opposition to Earth. At a distance of only 641 million km from Earth, the planet appeared with an apparent diameter of 46 arc seconds. At our observation site in Namibia, Jupiter culminated at an altitude of up to 89 degrees above the horizon.

back to start special projects
back to Solar System/Jupiter + Saturn

Go to the picture series
Images - SUN
Images - MOON
Images - DEEPSKY

The Jupiter opposition in June 2019 - General

Due to the fact that one of the Team Chameleon was allowed to spend a longer period of time in Namibia in 2019, we were able to record a large number of Jupiteravis. In total we were able to take avis in 64 nights, the first series of pictures is from June 11th, the last from October 3rd. Altogether, several hundred raw-sum pictures came together, the best of which we present here. Jupiter appeared in June with an apparent diameter of 46", in the last images from late September/early October it was only 35.5 arc seconds. The difference in distance between Earth and Jupiter was 190 million kilometres between 10 June and 3 October.

At the end of May we received the news that the large red spot (GRF) was subject to strong changes, there was even talk of a possible resolution. We have therefore focused our attention on GRF transits.

« "Jupiter and Ganymed on 1st August 2019, Celestron C 14 + Baader Q-Turret Barlowelement , Baader UV/IR pass filter, recording focal length approx. 6.500mm, 300/3.000 frs, ASI 224C
After analysis of the images, the GRF itself showed few changes, but changes in the southern equatorial band (SEB) and in the southern tropical zone (STrZ) were detectable in some cases at intervals of only 48 hours (see image below left).

The difference in distance between Earth and Jupiter was 190 million kilometres between 10 June and 3 October.

Stacking Problems
« The images on the left show the changes in the cloud band southeast of the GRF within only 48 hours

» The picture on the right shows the comparison of the apparent diameter of Jupiter to the opposition (46") and mid September (35.5").
The first raw avi's from June were edited with Autostakkert by Emil Kraaikamp. We use this software with the batch mode with best results for our monochrome moon images. With our Jupiteravis Autostakkert showed strange stacking errors (see picture on the left).

In the raw sum image the error was hardly visible, so it remained unnoticed for a few days. On average, half of all raw avalanche beacons in an evening were affected by the error. We changed/changed computer, software version and recording camera module, but unfortunately we could not verify the cause of the error.

Since an email request for help from E. Kraaikamp unfortunately remained unanswered, we used the good old RegiStax 6.1. The disadvantage is that the software does not have a batchmode and therefore all avis
of an evening had to be edited "manually", which takes a lot of time. Advantage: the raw-sum pictures were error-free.
Recording technology and image processing

From the beginning we have taken all raw avalanches with identical acquisition parameters (gain and color balance) with FireCapture, only exposure time and image contrast were adjusted to the corresponding observation conditions. Also, ALL raw avalanche images were treated with identical software and identical parameters like wavelet sharpening and white balance until the final image was ready. In general, 3,000 single images were acquired, of which 300 were stacked avifile each. The color scheme of the finished images was adapted to images taken with Voyager II (see images below). Recording optics was a Celestron C14 in primary focus (f = 3,900mm), together with a ZWO ASI 224C and a Baader IR pass filter. ALL images in the image compilations are shown at a scale of 1: 1, the image orientation is always: South top, East right.
     The raw summation picture 300/3.000 frs
Wavelet sharpening with AviStack     
     White balance with Photoshop
Colouring with Voyager II Image     
     Color correction with Photoshop Histogram and contrast in Photoshop     
The picture series

The best seeing window with subarcsecond resolution at our observation site is often in the time shortly before and after sunset, which means that many of the raw avalanches were taken under bright skies. In August we had the "luxury problem" that Jupiter culminated around sunset at an altitude of 89 degrees above the horizon. Due to the dome construction we could not adjust Jupiter at best seeing, the dome gap covered the opening of the C14 and so there are only few pictures from August.

Jupiter and GRF in June and July
Jupiter and GRF August to October and "best of" GRF

"Best of" changes around the GRF from June to September

Jupiter with central meridians without visibility of the GRF

Jupiter moons, light and shadow plays

Sun Moon Solar System DeepSky Widefield Miscellaneous Spec. Projects

All Images and all Content are © by Wolfgang Paech + Franz Hofmann